Norway has an extensive coastline, facing the North Atlantic Ocean and the Barents Sea.
King Harald V of the Dano-German House of Glücksburg is the current King of Norway.
The Kingdom is established as a merger of several petty kingdoms.
By the traditional count from the year 872 the Kingdom has existed continuously for 1,144 years, and the list of Norwegian monarchs includes over sixty kings and earls.
officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a sovereign and unitary monarchy whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the island Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.
The Antarctic Peter I Island and the sub-Antarctic Bouvet Island are dependent territories and thus not considered part of the Kingdom.
The name Norway comes from the Old English word Norðrveg(r) mentioned in 880, meaning "northern way" or "way leading to the north", which the Anglo-Saxon named the coastline of atlantic Norway.
Coastal fauna provided a means of livelihood for fishermen and hunters, who may have made their way along the southern coast about 10,000 BC when the interior was still covered with ice.Norway also lays claim to a section of Antarctica known as Queen Maud Land.Until 1814, the Kingdom included the Faroe Islands (since 1035), Greenland (1261), and Iceland (1262).Between 30 BC new settlers (Corded Ware culture) arrived in eastern Norway.They were Indo-European farmers who grew grain and kept cows and sheep.